Michele Battini is Full Professor of Modern History at the University of Pisa. He has been a post graduate student and a research fellow at the Scuola Normale Superiore of Pisa, then Charge and Associate Professor of Modern European History at the University of Pisa. He has been a research fellow or delivered lectures at, among other institutions, the Internationaal Instituut voor Sociale Geschiedenis of Amsterdam, the Ecole Normale Superieure de Paris, the Université de Marseille - Aix en Provence, and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He is the author of: Gu L'Ordine della Gerarchia. I contributi reazionari e progressisti alle crisi della democrazia in Francia 1789-1914 (Turin, 1995); Guerra ai civili. Occupazione Tedesca e Politica del Massacro - Toscana 1944 (Venice, 1997); and “Rhetorics of Hierarchy: On Linguistic and Ideological Premises of Totalitarian Fascism” in S. Avineri and Z. Sternhell’s Europe’s Century of Discontent (Jerusalem, 2003). His most recent book is The Missing Italian Nuremberg: Cultural Amnesia and Postwar Politics (New York, 2007).